We visited this castle in 2001 and 2009.
This Alcazar, a castle-palace, lies in the walled city of Segovia in the province of Segovia in Spain.
It's one of the most famous castles in Spain due to the fact that a lot of Spanish kings resided here
and because of its beautiful exterior.
The construction of this majestic castle-palace probably began in the last quarter of the 11th century,
by King Alfonso VI, following the Reconquest, on a site fortified by the Romans, Visigoths and Moors
successively. The great keep, with its dozen semicircular sentry boxes, next to the entrance of the
Alcazar over the artificial moat (seen left), was the last to be built. A lot of royals resided here,
such as; King Ferdinand III, King Alfonso X, King Juan II and King Enrique IV, who all altered the
buildings to their likings.
In 1474, in this palace, Isabel was proclaimed Queen of Castile, and Carlos III erected the Royal
Artillery College. King Philip II, son of the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V, established the capital of
his kingdom in Madrid but reformed the Alcazar. He altered the roofs, replacing them with the conical
slate-covered ones like which he'd seen in Flanders, Belgium.
In 1862 however the Alcazar was devastated by fire. In 1882, it was rebuilt using old sketches of the
interior before the fire. So all we see inside today is a 19th century remake. After completion the
Alcazar firstly became the Military Archives and later an Artillery Academy and Museum. In the mid-20th
century this use also ended and the Alcazar is now used for cultural activities and as a museum. It's
state-owned. You can climb the keep for some great views!
The city of Segovia is a great city to visit. I highly recommend it.
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