I visited this castle in 1997 and 2007.
Esch-sur-Sūre Castle, locally also known under its German name Burg Esch-an-der-Sauer, lies in the
small village with the same name, south of the town of Wiltz in Luxembourg. The village is situated
in a sharp curve of the meandering Sūre river.
Esch-sur-Sūre Castle was probably built by a certain Megingaud, somewhere around 927, after he had
acquired the lands through an exchange with the abbey of Stavelot. He built the still existing square
The brothers Heinrich I and Godfrid I, Lords of Esch an der Sauer at the end of the 11th century took
part in the First Crusade in 1097. This kept them from undertaking building works at their castle.
Heinrich died in Mesopotamia.
The two last lords in the line of Counts of Esch-sur-Sūre enlarged the castle in Gothic style in the
13th century. During the 15th century, because of the spreading use of gunpowder, a wall with two
towers was built around the village. Parts of this wall still exist. The round watchtower, named
the Lochturm opposite the keep was also built in the 15th century.
The decline of Esch-sur-Sūre Castle began in middle of the 16th century. After the French troops of
King Louis XIV had taken the fortress of Luxembourg city at the end of the 17th century, they started
to dismantle the castles in Luxembourg. Esch-sur-Sūre Castle also suffered that fate. Because its
lords mostly resided abroad the castle fell into disrepair during the 18th century.
In the middle of the 19th century the castle came into private hands. When the French writer Victor
Hugo visited Esch-sur-Sūre Castle in 1871 the castle was still inhabited by several families. In 1906
the Romanesque castle chapel was restored.
At present the ruins of this small but nice castle in this friendly village are freely accessible at
daytime. The castle has its own website at Castle Esch-sur-Sūre.
Back to top.