I visited this castle in 1998.
Caerlaverock Castle lies south of the town of Dumfries in Scotland.
It is a beautiful castle ruin dating from the 13th century. As you can see, it has
a peculiar triangular shape. It's a great and interesting site. The castle with its red stone really
stands out among the green surroundings. When visited on a day with clear blue skies it makes for
very nice pictures.
Caerlaverock Castle stood guard over the Solway Firth and as a sentry to Scotland for over hundred years.
The lands of Caerlaverock were granted to the Maxwells about 1220. Their first castle was sited too near
to the salt marshes of the Solway and in 1270 they began building the present castle. Today the
waters of the Solway have retreated to a distance of a few kilometers.
The battlements of Caerlaverock Castle give marvellous views over the Solway Firth and the distant
Lakeland Fells. The proximity to England brought the castle into frequent conflict throughout its
existence. There exists a contemporary account of the great English siege of 1300 of this castle.
It's final siege came during the Civil War in 1640. When the Royalist garrison in the castle
surrendered to the Covenanters, the castle's life came to an end.
Today the castle is in the care of Historic Scotland.
During my visit, in 1998, there were archeological excavations in progress at the site of the first
castle which lies a few hundred meters into the woods. I got a guided and very informative tour of
this site. You can check out these excavations at the following site: The Caerlaverock Dig.
The pictures below are made by Dave Caw, the webmaster of the website 'Caledonian Castles Hame Page',
which was online until mid-2004. I placed these pictures here as a reminder of the great quality of
that website. They will be removed whenever it goes back online.
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